Definitions of Degrees

Accounting is more than just numbers. It's solving business challenges by helping organizations manage their finances and cash flow. In the Bachelor of Science in Accounting program, you'll gain a deep knowledge of accounting practices, supplemented by the broader, business-specific skills employers look for. The accounting degree focuses on developing business and accounting expertise. You'll build a foundation in financial analysis, general accounting principles, auditing, taxation and more. Follow the general accounting track or choose a concentration in forensic accounting and fraud examination to further focus your bachelor's in accounting.

Bachelor of Fine Arts programs help artists define their creative expression and develop professional skills that will help them promote their art as freelancers or obtain jobs with arts-related companies or nonprofit organizations. This undergraduate degree qualifies graduates for entry-level positions with galleries, museums and theater companies, including such job positions as the following:
  • Creative writer
  • Actor/director
  • Art teacher
  • Art therapist
  • Dance instructor

Biblical Languages
The Biblical Languages major trains students to develop strong facility in reading and understanding classical Hebrew and Hellenistic Greek, the two main languages of the Bible, in preparation for seminary or graduate school, or for various Christian ministries.

Biblical Studies
A bachelor’s degree in Biblical Studies provides an in-depth study and preparation in Bible and related areas and subjects. It is intended for students who wish to pursue graduate studies in preparation for teaching, for those who desire a solid pre-seminary program, or for anyone who seeks to gain a high proficiency in biblical and theological studies.

Biology is the study of life, individual organisms, their communities, and the systems, cells, and processes that make up living matter. Students of biology undertake a general program in which they study living organisms and the systems and processes that permit life.

Students develop strong communication skills in addition to learning to work within a team environment. Programs examine media applications and media management. Other areas of broadcasting include composition and lighting, production planning, script writing, and camera operation. In addition to general education requirements, students will complete courses depending on their program specialization. These include:
  • Reporting and editing
  • Audio production
  • Media management
  • Mass communication law
  • TV Field production
  • Electronic media

Often a business studies degree will cover subjects such as accounting, finance, management and, increasingly, entrepreneurship. This wide range of subjects reflects the multidisciplinary nature of business, and the importance of understanding all the key elements needed to make a business successful.

Camp and Outdoor Adventure Leadership
The outdoor adventure leadership major is designed from an integrative perspective offering comprehensive coursework in outdoor leadership, outdoor recreation management, adventure planning, tourism, risk management, stewardship, conservation, and preservation. The curriculum helps prepare students for a variety of certification opportunities in the outdoor recreation profession. Graduates from this program are prepared to pursue studies in higher education and/or vocational pursuits in the areas of adventure services, parks and recreation services, outdoor recreation leadership and management, tourism, camp management, parks and recreation services, guide services, adult and youth recreation, and adventure programming.

The Bachelor of Science Degree in Chemistry prepares students for careers as professional chemists and serves as a foundation for careers in other fields such as biology and medicine. The curriculum offers a thorough fundamental knowledge of the major fields of chemistry, covering the general areas of inorganic, organic, and physical chemistry, plus many more specialized courses including analytical, nuclear, and biophysical chemistry and chemical biology. Students gain laboratory experience in inorganic and organic synthesis, analytical methods, physical chemical measurements, spectroscopy, biochemical engineering, and chemical methods in nuclear technology.

Christian Counseling
The Christian Counseling Degree is designed to help you understand the multi-faceted aspects of Christian Counseling. This specialization will allow you to learn more about counseling from a Christian perspective, equipping you to work in the Christian counseling fields of lay ministry.

This program will equip you to address:
  • Counseling from a Christian perspective.
  • Issues in Christian counseling.
  • Psychology and Christianity.
  • Behavioral modifications.

Christian Leadership
The Christian Leadership degree program integrates principles of management and leadership to help students biblically manage the financial aspects of ministries or other nonprofits. You will explore human resources, accounting, and business law from a biblical perspective that will provide you with the skills and tools to successfully lead.  

You will be equipped with an understanding in:
  • Non-profit management.
  • Principles of management.
  • Corporate finance.
  • Principles of marketing.

Communication studies or communication sciences is an academic discipline that deals with processes of human communication. ... The discipline encompasses a range of topics, from face-to-face conversation to mass media outlets such as television broadcasting.

Computer Science
Computer science students in a 4-year bachelor's program learn about automation theory, logic design and system organization, computer languages and practical applications, including scientific computing and software management. A high school diploma or its equivalent is necessary for admission. Some computer science bachelor's degree programs require students to take certain mathematics and computer classes before applying.

Elementary Education
A program that prepares individuals to teach students in the elementary grades, which may include kindergarten through grade eight, depending on the school system or state regulations. Includes preparation to teach all elementary education subject matter.

Engineering physics or Engineering Science refers to the study of the combined disciplines of physics, mathematics and engineering, particularly computer, nuclear, electrical, electronic, materials or mechanical engineering. By focusing on the scientific method as a rigorous basis, it seeks ways to apply, design and develop new solutions in engineering. Engineering physics or engineering science degrees are respected academic degrees awarded in many countries. It can be taught at the undergraduate level and is often designed as an honors program at some universities due to the rigorous nature of the academic curriculum which covers a wide spectrum of scientific disciplines.

A degree in English language and literature is designed to get you reading books, analyzing theories, critiquing prose and verse, and taking a more critical look at the signs and words surrounding us every day. The aim is to get students thinking creatively and analytically about the English language; this differs from other modern language degrees as it is intended for students already proficient in written and spoken English. An English degree can focus equally on the literature and language sides, while others specialize in one or the other; this will usually be clear from the course title. A course with a focus on English literature typically allows students to study literary texts from throughout history. Often you’ll start with modules covering a diverse range of literature from different periods; for instance, you could be reading Shakespeare one week and Virginia Woolf the next. Your reading will require you to study and analyze passages, relating texts to their cultural, social, historical and political contexts.

Environmental Science
Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecology, biology, physics, chemistry, zoology, mineralogy, oceanology, limnology, soil science, geology, atmospheric science, and geodesy) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems. Environmental science emerged from the fields of natural history and medicine during the Enlightenment. Today it provides an integrated, quantitative, and interdisciplinary approach to the study of environmental systems. Related areas of study include environmental studies and environmental engineering. Environmental studies incorporates more of the social sciences for understanding human relationships, perceptions and policies towards the environment. Environmental engineering focuses on design and technology for improving environmental quality in every aspect.

A degree in Evangelism equips you to impact the world for Christ through a deeper understanding of theology and evangelism history. Courses within this specialization will prepare you to effectively evangelize locally or across the globe and to teach the Word of God in private schools or within the church.

Courses will provide you with a foundation in:
  • Preparation and personal evangelism.
  • Effective message preparation.
  • Discipleship in evangelism.
  • Practical teaching of the scripture.

Exercise Science
Exercise science programs prepare graduates for careers as coaches, physical education teachers, fitness trainers or recreation directors. Students learn how to create fitness or activity programs for children and adults. A bachelor's degree in exercise science prepares graduates to work in a broad range of careers related to health and fitness promotion. In a Bachelor of Science in Exercise Science program, course topics include kinesiology, nutrition, sports injury rehabilitation and fitness concepts. Students can also enroll in a Bachelor of Science in Physical Education, which focuses on teaching methods and coaching. It prepares students to pursue licensure as a physical education teacher or to continue their studies at the master's level. Further training, certification or licensure can apply to some positions.

Film Production
The Film Production B.A. provides a liberal arts education in film history and theory and basic learning experiences in production.  Film and television majors typically take courses in three distinct areas: cinema and media studies (history, theory, and aesthetics); production (film, television, digital, experimental, and animation); and film and television craft (writing, directing, photography, sound recording, and editing).

Global Studies
Global studies is the interdisciplinary study of political, economic, ecological and cultural interconnectedness. Global studies is oriented around the study of globalization as it relates to the global economy, market relations, the movement of people and resources, global communications, politics, the effect of human activity on the environment, and many more topics. Global studies is often used to map global change and is both micro and macro in scope.

The Bachelor of Arts in History is a broad-based program that has specific goals, including: (1) engaging the mind and imagination of those who study history; (2) introducing students to worlds, times, places, and cultures – including their own – in ways they have never before considered; and (3) promoting the acquisition of historical knowledge and critical thinking, reading, writing, and research skills. Upon successful completion of a history degree program, students should be able to demonstrate competency in the vital skills of historical explanation, discernment, and synthesis. In addition to providing experience in logical argumentation, history courses offer research, writing, and analytical skills necessary for many fulfilling careers. Graduates with a degree in history often become educators themselves and teach in elementary schools, secondary schools, or in postsecondary institutions. Beyond teaching, historians also work as researchers in museums and local historical organizations that deal with cultural resources management and historic preservation and make valuable contributions to government and private think tanks. A history degree is excellent preparation for journalists, ad writers, editors and anyone interested in producing multimedia materials and documentaries.

The term Informatics is broadly used to describe the study and practice of creating, storing, finding, manipulating and sharing information. It uses computation as a universal tool to solve problems in other fields, to communicate, and to express ideas. Informatics is not equivalent to general Computer Science (CS) but concentrates instead on the upper layers of the CS discipline and moves away from a focus on computers alone to a focus on computing in context. Informatics students develop a strong base of theoretical and practical interdisciplinary experiences.

Information Technology
A Bachelor of Science in Information Technology is a Bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in the Information technology field. The degree is normally required in order to work in the Information technology industry.

A Bachelor of Science in Information Technology degree program typically takes three to four years depending on the country. This degree is primarily focused on subjects such as software, databases, and networking. In general, computer science degrees tend to focus on the mathematical and theoretical foundations of computing rather than emphasizing specific technologies. The degree is a Bachelor of Science degree with institutions conferring degrees in the fields of information technology and related fields. This degree is awarded for completing a program of study in the field of software development, software testing, software engineering, web design, databases, programming, computer networking and computer systems.

A bachelor’s in journalism will provide you with foundational knowledge in composing professional level articles ready for print and online publishing.  As a journalist, you will be in the thick of cutting-edge stories, sometimes walking political lines, covering world and local events, natural disasters, crimes, and controversial stories. Journalism students will learn how to remain within the guidelines of proper citation, avoiding slander, determining public versus private figure status, working with informants, composing articles fit for web and print media.  While the fundamentals of journalism have remained in tact, the medium has changed greatly with the surge in web, blogging, and social media outlets as a means of obtaining news and information.

A marketing degree is a type of academic degree awarded to students who have completed a marketing-related program at a college, university, or business school. Students in a marketing program learn how to research and analyze business markets to best promote, sell, and distribute products and services to consumers.

Students who complete Mathematics courses will demonstrate critical thinking skills, analyze abstract concepts, and transition from the concrete to the abstract in mathematical thinking. The Mathematics Degree program offers training in both pure and applied mathematics, leading to careers in research, education, business, industry, and government, including such professions as educators, statisticians, actuaries, and operations research analysts. Many areas, such as the physical and social sciences, engineering, economic, and business, are dependent upon the use of applied mathematics in developing solutions to practical problems. Students who complete Mathematics courses will demonstrate critical thinking skills, analyze abstract concepts, and transition from the concrete to the abstract in mathematical thinking.

Molecular Biology Biochemistry
At its most fundamental level, the study of life is the study of chemical processes. A major in biochemistry and molecular biology trains you in the experimental techniques used to probe the structures and functions of biologically important molecules. The strong laboratory and research focus of this major prepares you for graduate study or to enter careers in high-growth areas such as biotechnology and health care research. Biochemistry and molecular biology majors are well prepared for research, for teaching or service careers in the life sciences, and for graduate programs in medicine, pharmacy, health sciences and biological sciences. Many graduates enter employment in the biomedical, biotechnology, pharmaceutical, agricultural research and chemical industries. Others find work in university, government or hospital research laboratories.

Bachelor of Music is an academic degree awarded by a college, university, or conservatory upon completion of a program of study in music. In the United States, it is a professional degree, and the majority of work consists of prescribed music courses and study in applied music, usually requiring proficiency in an instrument, voice, or conducting.

New Testament
The New Testament degree program is foundational for students who desire a deeper understanding of the New Testament. Students will explore the message of the New Testament, its historical and cultural background, and the context in which we live and apply its message today. Students will have the rich background and tools necessary for a lifetime of effective exegetical, topical, pastoral, or devotional study in both ministry and further education.

The bachelor's degree prepares nurses for a wide variety of professional roles and graduate study. Course work includes nursing science, research, leadership, and related areas that inform the practice of nursing. It also provides the student with general education in math, humanities and social sciences. An undergraduate degree affords opportunities for greater career advancement and higher salary options. It is often a prerequisite for teaching, administrative, consulting and research roles.

Old Testament
With an Old Testament Degree you’ll receive an advanced understanding of the Old Testament with emphasis on the original Hebrew and Aramaic text. Building on a long-standing commitment to and respect for the original language, the Old Testament Degree will challenge you go deeper into God’s Word through exegesis courses in the original languages.

Pastoral Leadership
Gain leadership dynamics along with an in-depth knowledge of the Scriptures with a B.S. in Pastoral Leadership where you’ll be prepared for pastoral or ministry careers like senior/associate pastor, evangelist, or missions pastor. With a B.S. in Pastoral Leadership, you’ll also be equipped for graduate-level studies. 

Peace Justice and Conflict Studies
The Peace, Justice and Conflict Studies Program endeavors to provide students with the skills that help them reflect on the origins and causes of violence and introduces them to non-violent approaches to social change and the resolution of conflict.​

Physical Education
Physical education bachelor's degree programs allow students to explore exercise and physical activities that can improve the well-being of the human body. These programs may cover kinesiology, exercise psychology, and motor skills development.

Briefly defined, physics is the science that tries to understand the laws of nature and the relationship between energy and matter. However, it might be more appropriate to define physics as a way of thinking rather than as a profession. The field of physics trains students to take a logical, problem-solving approach in whatever situations they might find themselves. Physics students explore concepts and methods of science that can be applied in many different professional areas and research topics.

Physics is really the study of how the world works, and, it might be considered the most fundamental of all the sciences. The goal of physics is to develop theories that will summarize the laws of nature and lead to an understanding of why things work as they do. The basics of physics can be applied to most other sciences, and for that reason, a great many people use physics as a springboard into other fields of study or professions.

A general program that focuses on the scientific study of individual and collective behavior, the physical and environmental bases of behavior, and the analysis and treatment of behavior problems and disorders. Includes instruction in the principles of the various subfields of psychology, research methods, and psychological assessment and testing methods.

Public Relations
It typically takes four years of full-time study to complete this degree. Written and verbal communication is an integral part of public relations, so many courses focus on the technical aspects of speech writing, public speaking and business documents. Some of the common courses included in programs are:
  • Mass communications
  • Drafting press releases
  • Marketing and promotion strategies
  • Business communication
  • Advanced copywriting
  • Strategic planning concepts

Religious Studies
Religious studies involves the rational study of religious history and modern religious issues. A degree in religious studies uses the same tools as other academic fields, including philosophy, history, sociology, anthropology, and theology. It provides the same advantages as any liberal arts degree, a broad-based foundation of cultural, historical, and artistic background that will help you hone your research, abstract reasoning and direct observation skills. You'll exercise strong analytical and original thinking skills and develop your ability to empathize with the perspective of your fellow human beings.

Secondary Education
The major in Secondary Education prepares students to teach English, Mathematics, Natural Sciences, or the Social Sciences at the secondary school level (grades 7-12). Students complete Liberal Education Core Requirements, the Secondary Education Major, and an Arts and Science major in at least one endorsement field.

Sign language Interpreting
The primary objectives of the Sign language Interpreting major program are: (1) to convey basic knowledge and understanding about the language and culture of Deaf people, including their history and social experiences and (2) to prepare students for advanced degree programs and/or professional careers working with Deaf people.

Social Work
Social work is an interdisciplinary field that draws on theories and practices from sociology, anthropology, psychology, politics, and economics, among others. Thus, undergraduate degrees in sociology, psychology, and other social sciences can also be relevant and valuable educational foundations for graduate studies in social work. As both an academic and a professional discipline, social work focuses on promoting social welfare. Often, social work involves the study of micro- and macro- level social issues such as poverty and social inequality. In the professional world, social workers are responsible for assisting people with their everyday issues that impact their daily lives, like personal, family, and relationship issues. Sometimes social workers are involved in helping clients with disabilities, diseases, or social issues like substance abuse or unemployment. Families with domestic conflicts can also turn to social workers for relief and guidance during difficult times.

A degree in sociology is an excellent springboard for entering the world of business, industry, and organizations. The sociological perspective is crucial for working in today's multiethnic and multinational business environment. An undergraduate sociology major provides valuable insights into social factors such as race, ethnicity, gender, age, education, and social class that affect work and how organizations operate.

Bachelor's degree programs in Spanish will include extensive coursework in the Spanish language. You'll develop speaking and writing skills, and you'll explore the intricacies of Spanish grammar and spelling. By the conclusion of the program, you should become fluent through your coursework and through an immersion experience. Most programs will offer you the option to spend part of your program in a Spanish-speaking country, learning the language and customs firsthand.

Your program will also cover the history of Spanish civilizations throughout the world. This will include studies of Spain and of Spanish-speaking countries throughout South and Central America. In addition, you'll read the works of historically significant and notable contemporary Spanish authors.

Sports Outreach
The Sports Outreach degree prepares the student to be an effective leader in the fields of sports ministry, recreation, and camping. Students are required to study in a variety of areas: the biological and social sciences, sports and recreation, health content, experiential education, developmental theory, and Christian ministry practices. The curriculum typically includes both content and process-oriented courses and emphasizes service-learning and field experience. All facets are integrated with Christian principles.

Sustainability Management
The Sustainability Management program is to offer a theoretical and practical degree that addresses challenges in sustainability facing leaderships in today’s global environments. The study of sustainable management focuses on systems thinking—that is, understanding how individual things and events influence the whole. As sustainability becomes increasingly important in today's economy, a bachelor's degree or certificate gives you added value with new or existing employers.

Sustainability Studies

Sustainable Food Systems
Students in the Sustainable Food Systems major focus on the social, economic and environmental aspects of agriculture and develop a thorough understanding of our food cycle from farm to table and beyond. Subjects will give you a broad understanding of the many aspects of modern agriculture and food systems, and combine with real-world experiences to develop the skills needed to be a successful agriculturalist, entrepreneur and researcher. A degree in Sustainable Food Systems prepares you for a broad range of careers related to agricultural production and food system management, rural and urban community services, education and development, as well as careers in agricultural, environmental, and economic policy and analysis. Employers range from non-profit organizations, state and federal agencies, nature preserves, community organizations and industry conglomerates.

TESOL programs arm students with the skills and knowledge to help non-English speaking people communicate. TESOL programs generally focus on second language acquisition, particularly among children and adults who live in English-speaking communities, but who come from another language background. However, a variety of unique variants might be available. Some programs may focus on teaching English in communities where it is not the primary language. Others may prepare students to work with specific age groups, skill levels, or cultural backgrounds.

The Theatre BA program offers study in a broad range of theatrical disciplines covering the artistic, literary, historical, and technical aspects of theatre and performance, while encouraging students to design their own focus within a liberal arts degree program.

Theology and Apologetics
The primary purpose of the Bachelor of Theology in Christian Apologetics is to equip persons for competent introductory leadership in some form of specialized ministry in congregations and other settings. It also provides the foundations for a basic understanding of theological disciplines in preparation for graduate study. It also aims to serve as a scholarly enhancement of ministerial practice and preparation for some forms of presenting Christian defense in theological debates.

Worship Studies
The Worship Studies program is designed to equip you to better serve the church as a skilled, passionate leader of worship, equipped to fit the needs of today’s postmodern culture. This specialized program will allow you to study and practice context-specific Biblical and theological competencies in worship and worship theories practical to the local church. You will receive comprehensive training in qualitative and quantitative research methods, developing knowledge and expertise to function in a variety of worship cultures and contexts.

A professional writing bachelor's degree program will give you the tools and knowledge to turn your writing skills into a career. Writing professionals can find employment in a variety of areas including law, publishing, government, advocacy, journalism and business. A bachelor's degree program in professional writing will likely allow you to tailor your education to include any of these interests.

You will also learn how professional writers get published, study the advantages and disadvantages of being a salaried writer versus a freelance writer and hone your craft to industry-quality standards. Upon graduation, you should have a portfolio showcasing your unique talents and skills as a writer.

Youth Ministries
When you earn your youth ministry degree, you study and understand the history of Christianity and the development of Christian doctrine as well as gain a deeper understanding of major contemporary religions of the world. Skills are formed in how to lead a ministry, including forming strategies, forming goals and developing communication skills. This youth ministry degree program explores how to help youth find Christ in their formative years. There is also a focus on recognizing times of crisis in a young person's life and getting them the appropriate help they may need.

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